Most of us do not notice honey bees even though they are important for the environment. Some people are afraid of them because a bee sting is very painful. Actually, honey bees are stranger and more wonderful than we realise.
First off, most honey bees all over the world are from the same group of bees. They are all from a group called Apis mellifera. The honey bees from different countries might look a bit different. Honey bees in South and Southeast Asia are from a different group. This is because they are of different breeds. It is the same as how there are different breeds of dogs, but they are still dogs.
There are three types of honey bees in each hive. They are the female workers, the male drones and the queen bee. The worker bees cannot lay eggs but they do very important work. They take care of the babies and bring back food to feed everyone. The male bee drones do not do anything. They only try to mate with a queen bee. They cannot even feed themselves. So the male bees that do not mate with a queen bee before winter will be kicked out of the hive.
The queen bee herself is an interesting creature. For one, she can lay about 1500 eggs a day. She can lay up to a million eggs in her entire life. She spends all her time laying eggs so she has no time for anything else. There are worker bees that clean and feed her. The queen bee is created when worker bees build a “queen cell” around an egg.
The larva born in there is then fed royal jelly until it grows up. This is different from what a normal larva eats. Queen larva only eats royal jelly for 2 days. After that, it is fed honey and bee bread until it grows up.
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