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Famous Mythical Places

Passing on stories from one generation to another is a tradition common in many cultures. Around the world, mothers tell bedtime stories to their children, teachers read classic tales to students, and folklore are shared around roaring campfires.

Many of our most loved fairy tales and myths are set in places far, far away. So far away in fact, that whether they truly exist is questionable. Some people want to believe that these places actually do exist and go on expeditions to try to find these places. Here are a few legendary places that still remain beyond our reach.

El Dorado
El Dorado means “The Golden One” in Spanish. The native Muisca people of Colombia believe that
the golden colour represents the creative power and energy of everything that exists. Muisca legend describes a tribal chief who covered himself with gold dust and submerged himself in
Lake Guatavita for an initiation ceremony. As part of this ceremony, great amounts of gold
were thrown into the lake.

The legend of El Dorado has evolved over time, finally becoming a legend about a lost city where precious stones and gold coins abound. European explorers who came to South America during the 16th and 17th centuries were fascinated by this legend. They searched Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil for this city of gold and its golden king. They did not find it. In any event, much of South America was mapped in the process.

One of the most famous explorers who set out to find El Dorado was the Englishman Sir Walter Raleigh. He was encouraged by an account of a local named Juan Martinez. He claimed to have been caught by natives and taken to El Dorado blindfolded. Because of this, he could not remember how to return. Sir Raleigh so deeply believed in this story that he led two failed expeditions to find the city himself.

Discoveries of silver and gold deposits in Bolivia and Brazil continue to fuel the legend that a city of immense riches awaits discovery somewhere in South America.

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folklore – the traditional stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth
expeditions – a journey undertaken by a group of people for a particular purpose, usually of discovery
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